NEWFOUNDLAND DOG TRAINING

Health  

NEW....HEALTH LINK UPDATES......SOON......SUMMER 2016

Understanding Health Test Results.
 
Hip Score's

    Dogs hips are x-rayed by a veterinarian and  the sent to the BVA to be scored. Each hip is given a score between 0 to 53. This is done by the KC,BVA panel evaluating different parts of the hips. The lower the score the better the hips are. The official score results are then sent back to the veterinary practice and  on to the owner. All scores can be found on the bottom half of this form and a combined total of both hips together to give the overall result.

 
 
 
Elbow Score's
  Dogs Elbow's are x-rayed by a veterinarian and  the sent to the BVA to be scored. Each Elbow is given a score between 0 to 3. This is done by the KC,BVA panel evaluating different parts of the Elbow's. The lower the score the better the Elbow's are. The official score results are then sent back to the veterinary practice and  on to the owner. All scores can be found on the bottom half of this form and a combined total of both Elbow's together to give the overall result.
 
 

 

Heart Test's
 A stethoscope test is no longer Considered to be adequate for any breeding of Newfoundland's. Dogs and bitches should have a colour flow echo Doppler examination by a veterinary cardiologists before being bred from as this 2D scan screens  for potential serious heart disease's. Only normal and some equivocal results (with no sign of HD) Should be bred from. If a dog has a equivocal result and shows no signs of heart disease then it can be bred from - to a normal test results dog. 
 

 

Cystinuria.
 Is a inherited disorder that leads to crystals or stones with in the Urinary tract. DNA testing by swabs or blood must be done before any breeding. The results are either - *Clear - *Carrier - *Affected.
Results
*A clear and a clear can be bred together. (all offspring will be clear)
*A clear and a Carrier can be bred together. offspring will be clears or carriers but non affected would be produced)
*A Carrier and a Carrier should never be bred together. (offspring would be Carriers and Affected)
*A Affected should never be bred from.

 

******News.........All  dogs must be identified by Microchip etc before most of these tests are carried out so proper identification of the said dog can be verified.******

 

HEALTH  ISSUES WITH IN THE BREED.

 

 Hip Dysplasia -

Causes of hip dysplasia are considered to be multi factorial; including both hereditary and environmental factors. Rapid weight gain and growth through excessive nutritional intake may encourage the development of hip dysplasia. Mild repeated trauma causing joint lining inflammation may also be a important factor.

Elbow Dysplasia -

Elbow dysplasia is a multi factorial, polygenetic developmental condition and usually the same as above.

OCD - 

Osteochondritis or OCD, fragments' of cartilage that peel away from the bone, within the joints.

Heart - 

 There are two main heart diseases of concern with in Newfoundland's, They are -  sub aortic stenosis(SAS) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Screening also can help identify other heart diseases such as patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Heart  disease can be congenital or acquired, Acquired meaning appearing later on in life, with a young animal being totally normal.

Cruciate -

Cruciate is tearing of the cruciate ligament with in the knee and is quite high in the Newfoundland breed. If this occurs it leads to lameness, chronic pain, unable to bear any weight on the leg or may limp. Lameness immediately occurs after the injury and may subside after a few weeks but usually returns. Veterinary help should always be found as an operation is usually required.

 Bloat or Torsion -

Bloat or also know as a Torsion Happens with in dogs when the stomach enlarges and twists into an abnormal position. GDV is  Very serious, life-threatening condition that requires emergency treatment. With out fast veterinary attention, dogs can die  very quickly. 

Cystinuria -

This is an inherited disorder that leads to the formation of crystals or stones within the urinary tract.  This gives rise to severe pain and, at the least, recurrent infections.  The disease is carried on a recessive gene.

Panosteitis or Growing pains -

Inflammation of the bones. This is a debilitating disease which affects young dogs. it can be distressing for the owner as well as the animal. Most animals do make a full recovery. Males seem to be more affected than females, and in females it often occurs with the first oestrus cycle. The average age at first presentation is 5 - 12 months. The age of onset is therefore very similar to that of other common conditions e.g. osteochondrosis (OCD)

 Cryptorchidism - 

                  Cryptorchidism means that one or both of a dog's testicles have not descended into the scrotum. If this does not happen by 8 weeks, the dog is generally diagnosed as cryptorchid, although the testicles may still descend up to 4  months or so.

Ear's -  

 Infections are extremely common in Newfoundland's. It is a good idea to keep the hair trimmed around the ears in order that air may circulate freely.  Regular checks should be made to avoid serious infections. and cleaning of the ears as part of your grooming programme should help.

Eye's -

Entropion - Inward turning of eyelids

Ectropion - Outward turning of eyelids

Cherry Eye - Prolapsed Gland of the 3rd eyelid.

Hot spots - 

  Weeping sores on the skin. There has been many different theory's to why these appear and none have ever been proven to be the cause. Keeping the hair and skin clean helps. Taking undercoat out when needed so the skin can breath, making sure all shampoo etc is taken out properly when washing and also feeding a good diet usual seem to help. If a Hot spot appears act fast as this will stop the area spreading and heal faster. Trim all hair away from the area, clean and let it dry out. Nature usually takes its course buy veterinary advice should be found if this is not the case.

 

   

 

 
     
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